Geishas are not submissive and subservient, but in fact japanese geisha make-up are some of the most financially and emotionally successful and strongest women in Japan, and traditionally have been so. Minarai generally work with a particular tea house Minarai-jaya learning from the okaa-san literally "mother", the proprietress of the house. The Glittering World of the Japanese Courtesan.
Black, White and Red: The 3 Colors of Beauty in Japan
Some prostitutes refer japanese geisha make-up themselves as "geisha", but they are not. The most literal translation of geisha into English would be "artist", "performing artist", or "artisan". Also, geisha working in onsen towns such as Atami are dubbed onsen geisha. Some girls were bonded to geisha houses okiya as children.
Retrieved 28 August The lower lip is coloured in partially and the upper lip left white for maiko in her first year, after which the upper lip is coloured. After their first year, Maiko start to colour their top lip, but never filling in the entire lip.